Thursday, March 22, 2012
UN's Ban to raise N. Korea launch at Seoul summit
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said on Thursday that he would raise North Korea's planned rocket launch at a Seoul nuclear summit next week, expressing "deep concern" over the issue. "I am going to discuss the issue with the president of the Republic of (South Korea) in Seoul and I will also engage with other leaders attending the nuclear summit," Ban told a press conference in Malaysia. The nuclear-armed North has announced it will launch a rocket next month to put a satellite into orbit, a move which the US and its allies see as a pretext for a long-range missile test.
Pyongyang has said any South Korean attempt to address the North's nuclear programme at the March 26-27 Seoul summit would be seen as a declaration of war.
But the programme and the rocket launch were expected to be hot topics on the sidelines of the meeting, which will see US President Barack Obama and other world leaders meet to discuss nuclear security issues. A UN Security Council resolution passed after the North staged missile and nuclear tests in 2009 bans a ballistic missile launch for any purpose.
"As secretary-general of the United Nations I express my deep concern by the announcement of the (North Korean) government (on) their intention to launch a satellite," Ban said.
Ban, a South Korean, also called the planned launch "a clear violation" of Security Council resolutions and said it "threatens the peace and security on the Korean peninsula".
He said it could also undermine recent positive signs on long-running international efforts to end North Korea's nuclear program. Under a deal announced last month but now in jeopardy, Washington would offer substantial food aid for a partial nuclear freeze. It has raised modest hopes of progress in the denuclearisation efforts. Those hopes have also seen the UN atomic agency, the IAEA, begin consultations with North Korea over a possible visit to the country by its inspectors to monitor nuclear activities, an IAEA spokeswoman said Thursday.
North Korea expelled UN inspectors in 2009, but announced earlier this week that it had invited them back. Ban said however that the communist North was again giving mixed messages. "This (the rocket launch) is again undermining the positive atmosphere which has been established recently between the US and (North Korea)," Ban said.
The North has lambasted next week's meeting -- the South's biggest-ever diplomatic gathering -- as an "unsavoury burlesque" intended to justify an atomic attack by South Korea and its US ally. In Seoul, South Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung-Hwan again appealed to the North to scrap its rocket launch, calling it "a grave provocation".
South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak reportedly said Wednesday that despite Pyongyang's threats, leaders of five nations will discuss ways to press North Korea to abandon its plans to launch the rocket.
The United States, China, South Korea, Japan and Russia have been involved since 2003 in the talks, which have been broken off repeatedly over various instances of North Korean brinksmanship. North Korea's state news agency said Wednesday any attempt by Lee to raise the issue would be "a ridiculous attempt and an absolutely unpardonable criminal act".
"Any provocative act would be considered as a declaration of war against us and its consequences would serve as great obstacles to talks on the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula," it said.