The UN urged Japan to admit responsibility for forcing women into sexual slavery during World War II and prosecute any surviving officers who were involved in their trafficking. The UN Committee Against Torture said the Japanese government should refute attempts to deny the facts by the government authorities and public figures and to re-traumatize the victims through such repeated denials. Instead, it should inform the young generation in school textbooks of Japanese wartime atrocities so that they are never repeated. The recommendations appear especially aimed at Mayor Hashimoto, who denies that Japan forced women into prostitution for the Imperial Army. Japan argued at the time that the mobilization of sex slaves occurred during World War II 70 years ago and does not fall under the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, which was only enacted in 1987. The UN rejected the argument.